In 1929 Edward Link created the “Link trainer”, probably the first example of a commercial flight simulator, which was of course entirely electromechanical. Such was the need for safer ways to train pilots that the US military bought six of these devices for $3500. In 2015 money this was just shy of $50 000.

VR equipment in the 20th Century
Left: Edward Link, Right: The Link Trainer

In the 1930s a story by science fiction writer Stanley G. Weinbaum (Pygmalion’s Spectacles) contains the idea of a pair of goggles that let the wearer experience a fictional world through holographic, smell and touch. In hindsight the experience Weinbaum describes for those wearing the goggles are uncannily like the modern and emerging experience of VR equipment, todėl jis yra tikras lauko laukininkas.,,en,1950-aisiais kino operatorius Mortonas Heiligas pasirodė "Sensorama". Iš esmės tai buvo į teatrą pastatytų technologijų kolekcija, skatinanti visus jausmus, o ne tik akiratį ir garsą. Naudojant stereofoninius garsiakalbius (taip, tai buvo naujas dalykas), stereoskopiniai ekranai, ventiliatoriai, kvapo generatoriai ir motorizuoti kėdės, "Sensorama" buvo siekiama panardinti žiūrovus į filmą. Heiligas netgi sugalvojo įspūdingą idėją montuoti ant galvos ekraną (HMD), nors ir neinteraktyvaus kino laikmenoje. "Heilig" cementavimas VR įrangos istorijos knygose. Toliau pateiktame video yra interviu su Morton apie "Sensorama".,,en,VR įranga,,en,VR įranga XX amžiuje Xindy Animation Inc.,,en

In the 1950s cinematographer Morton Heilig came up with the Sensorama. Basically, it was a collection of technologies built into the theatre that would stimulate all the senses, not just sight and sound. Using stereo speakers (yes this was a new thing), stereoscopic displays, fans, smell generators and motorized chairs the Sensorama was intended to immerse audiences in the film. Heilig even came up with the iconic idea of a head-mounted display (HMD), albeit for the non-interactive film medium. Cementing Heilig in the VR equipment history books. The video below is an interview with Morton about the Sensorama.

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